You are being invited to take part in a research study investigating the effect of social media use on sleep and if this changes with age and gender. Before you decide, it is important for you to understand why the research is being done and what it will involve. Please take time to read the following information carefully and discuss it with others if you wish. You can email the researchers at and if there is anything that is not clear or if you would like more information.

What is the purpose of the study? The purpose of this study is to understand whether there are age and gender differences present in how individuals distribute their screen-time among different smartphone applications (apps) and whether this affects sleep quality in young people.

What is involved: You will be invited to complete an online survey. You will answer questions about your screen time distribution among applications and your sleep quality. The survey will take around 10-15 minutes to complete.

How can I take part? You are welcome to take part in the study if you fit the following criteria: Are between the ages of 11-24

  • If you are under 16 you need a parent to consent so please contact the researchers. Contact details can be found at the bottom.
  • If you are above 16 please continue with the questionnaire. Own an Apple iPhone with the iOS 12 software installed.

Instructions on how to check the software installed on your phone: Go to Settings. Click on General. Click on About (first row). Look at the Software Version (second row).

Do I have to take part? No, it is up to you to decide whether to take part. If you do decide to take part, you will be given this information sheet to keep and be asked to sign a consent form. If you decide to take part, you are still free to withdraw at any time and without giving a reason.

Will my taking part in this study be kept confidential? Your answers to the questionnaire will be confidential and anonymous. All data obtained during this study will be kept confidential as set out by the British Psychology Society (BPS) guidelines. All data will also also be anonymised so therefore you will be unidentifiable from their responses to the questionnaire.

What will happen to the results of the research study? Results will be written up as part of a Psychological Science Masters dissertation.

Who can I contact if I want more information? If you wish to obtain information about the study and/or a summary of the anonymised group results please feel free to contact: Researchers: Asztrid Karasi (, Ayela Irfan ( Supervisor: Heather Cleland Woods (

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