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This research investigates how the second language affects the way we conceptualize food and our food choices.

We are investigating how this is related to bilinguals "feeling less" in their second language. Previous research has suggested that this disembodiment leads to emotional distance (so, for example, it might be easier for you to swear in your second language) and less vivid imagery in a second language.

Each participant was given a feature listing task in which we asked you to list features that first come to your mind when thinking about 16 different objects. We are interested in the features listed for the food items.

We are investigating whether there is a difference in how people describe foods in their different languages. Due to reduced mental imagery in the second language, we expect participants to list less hedonistic and contextual features for food items in their second language, particularly for unhealthy foods.

If you have any further questions or comments regarding this study, please feel free to contact the researchers:

Lantian Zhang -

Wilhelmiina Toivo -